Finding Aid for the
Thomas Arnold Hill Papers

Bennett College Archives, Bennett College for Women

Greensboro, North Carolina

Summary Information

Title: Thomas Arnold Hill Papers

Date/Date Range: 1914-1947

Extent: 7 linear feet

Series number: A108

Repository: Bennett College Archives, Thomas F. Holgate Library, Bennett College for Woman, Greensboro, North Carolina

Collection Scope and Content Note: Thomas Arnold Hill Papers consists of professional and personal correspondence, newspaper clippings, and reports.

Provenance: This collection is comprised of documents that were generated from the personal, and professional life of Thomas Arnold Hill.

Historical Note: Thomas Arnold Hill was born in 1888 in Richmond, Virginia, to Irene Robison Hill and Reuben T. Hill. Reuben T. Hill was the son of slaves William and Ellen Hill. Reuben T. Hill was the first cashier of the first bank owned and operated by African Americans The True Reformers Bank in Richmond, Virginia. Thomas Arnold Hill had four other siblings Reuben T. Hill Jr., Constance Hill Marteena, William Daniel Hill, and Irene Naomi (Hill) Simmons. Constance Hill Marteena (1903-1976) was director of the Library and an Instructor for Bennett College from September 1, 1939-1967. During her tenure as head librarian of Bennett College she was elected President of the North Carolina Negro Librarian Association from 1952-1954. William Daniel Hill (1890-1945) worked for North Carolina Mutual Life Insurance from 1919 until the year of his death in 1945. Do to his extensive work with the Boys and Girls club a recreation center in Durham N.C. was named in his honor.

Thomas Arnold Hill studied at Richmond Business School and received his Bachelor of Art degree at Virginia Union University in 1911.  Hill then studied sociology and economics at New York University.

In 1914 Hill was hired as a personal secretary to Eugene Kinkle Jones at New York City branch of the National Urban League. He worked himself up through the ranks and by 1916 the National Office relocated him to Chicago to start an Urban League affiliate there. Hill headed the Chicago branch from 1916-1925. Hill focused on bringing to the city of Chicago awareness that African Americans needed to be a part of industrial employment in the city. Race relations completely broke down in 1919 which sparked a riot. Hill and other black and white community leaders worked together to ensure proper police protection for the African American Community.

Hilll continued his work with the Chicago branch of the Urban League until he was asked to return to New York in 1925 to direct of the newly established Department of Industrial Relations. The purpose of this division of the National Urban League’s programs was to work with industry to help assure that there was employment for African Americans in surrounding communities. Hill was successful in establishing helpful servies that allowed African American seeking employment to connect with employers that were seeking compotent employees. Hill thrieved in this capacity of the National Urban Leaugue’s agenda.

Eugene Kinkle Jones took a temporary leave of absence from his position as the Executive Secretary of the National Urban League to serve as the Director of the Commerce Departments division for the study of “Negro” problems in 1933. Thomas Arnold Hill then becamed Executive Secretary of the League in Jones absence. A position that Hill held from 1933-1936. Hill left the National Urban League after a number of disputes with Eugene Kinkle Jones. Hill died of an acute illness on June 30, 1947 in Cleveland, Ohio.

Access and Use

Acquisition Information: This collection has formally become the property of Bennett College for Women.

Access Restrictions: This collection is open to researchers under library restrictions. All access to these materials requires an appointment with the library archivist. All materials within the collection labeled restricted will not be open for usage.

This collection may contain materials with sensitive or confidential information that is protected under federal or state right to privacy laws and regulations. Researchers are advised that the disclosure of certain information pertaining to identifiable living individuals represented in this collection without the consent of those individuals may have legal ramifications (e.g., a cause of action under common law for invasion of privacy may arise if facts concerning an individual's private life are published that would be deemed highly offensive to a reasonable person) for which Bennett College assumes no responsibility.

Copyright: The nature of the Thomas F. Holgate Library Archive means that copyright or other information about restrictions may be difficult or even impossible to determine despite reasonable efforts. The Thomas F. Holgate Library Archive claims only physical ownership of most Special Collections materials. The materials from our collections are made available for use in research, teaching, and private study, pursuant to U.S. Copyright law (Title 17, U.S.C.). The user must assume full responsibility for any use of the materials, including but not limited to, infringement of copyright and publication rights of reproduced materials. Any materials used for academic research or otherwise should be fully credited with the source. The Archives and Special Collections assume no responsibility of infringement of copyright or literary property rights.

Preferred Citation: [Identification of Item], Thomas Arnold Hill Papers, A108 Series, Bennett Collection Archives, Bennett College for Women, Greensboro, North Carolina.

Arrangement: This collection consists of 7 boxes of unprocessed material. The series have been arranged in alphabetical order to bring structure to the final collection. This collection requires further processing.

Processed by: Marcellaus A. Joiner

Box 1: Publications- Publications produced by Thomas Arnold Hill and the National Urban League.

Box 2: – Consist of correspondence, and reports.

Box 3: – Consist of correspondence, and reports.

Box 4: – Consist of correspondence, reports, and photographs.

Box 5: – Consist of correspondence, financial records, and reports.

Box 6: – Consist of correspondence, and reports.

Box 7: – Consist of undocumented material.